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Sector Expert Consultation on Transport, Urbanization and Migration

On 24th November 2017, a sector expert consultation was organized on ‘Transport, Urbanization and Migration’ at Amar Clark, Jaipur. The consultation was focused to identify the cross-sectoral issues in Rajasthan for Transport, Urbanization, and Migration sector. A total of 20 sector experts participated in the consultation.

Rajasthan Priorities: Sector Expert Consultation on Transport, Urbanization and Migration

The sector experts from the Labor Department of Minority Affairs, CUTS International, Urmul Sansthan, PRAYAS, Tata Trusts along with many other representatives of various civil society organizations and academia attended the consultation.  

A total of 74 interventions came up collectively for the transport, urbanization, and migration sector.

Interventions

Migration 

  • Migration to urban area (inter and intrastate) safety and welfare of labor in urban area 
  • Construction/unorganized sector workers (safety, housing, medical facilities, insurance, lack of collective bargaining in unorganized sector lead to exploitation etc.)
  • Provision of night shelters (with safety, security and basic infrastructure) 
  • Income generation opportunities in rural area to reduce migration from rural to urban area  
  • A common online platform for all workers in unorganized sector for providing benefit of existing schemes (to avoid duplicity and ensuring minimum safety net and other benefits by Govt/agencies) 
  • Database of migrant (online, dynamic and real-time)/ corrective measures for inclusion in labor diary  
  • Identity documentation for migrant – alternate for migrants without mandatory requirement 
  • Skilling of migrants to ensure better opportunity and skill analysis/aspiration identification of young people  
  • Ensuring legal contact in between worker and employee for unorganized sector worker
  • Financial inclusion for all workers in organized sector
  • Rental housing scheme for workers and unorganized sector 
  • To reduce migration - Ensuring basic amenities in rural area (including health, education and other infrastructure) 
  • Awareness about family planning especially in poorest of the poor or worker of the unorganized sector   
  • Revive of existing policy on migration or developing the holistic policy 
  • Platform for sustainability initiative (for example at Jaipur) to provide and bring all stakeholder working on issue for supporting community-driven program 
  • Access to basic health facilities for workers in unorganized sector (service at point of work)
  • Outcome-based program monitoring (instead of budget based physical achievement of program)
  • Better targeting of scheme (for benefits) and reaching out to bottom of pyramid  
  • Capacity building of local functionaries in GPs (Gram Pradhan/Panchayat members) so migration can be corrected at source 
  • Strengthening the planning process in GPs and to promote the convergence of scheme 
  • Vision document for each village panchayat along with achievable steps and time frame
  • Labour status audit of manufacturing unit/factories by labor department 
  • Promoting and encouraging self-entrepreneurship in rural area 
  • Integration of MGNREGA workforce and muster role integration

Urbanization 

  • Planning of cities for future demand including the expected population growth– investment in developing technical capacity for municipalities and holistic planning for each city (including in smaller towns) 
  • Processing of vegetable to reduce waste before reaching to big vegetable markets 
  • Strengthening of spatial and master planning in cities tier-II and tier-III 
  • Improving technical capabilities and support in local resource planning with census town and Gram Panchayat, poised to be urban area soon 
  • Water distress analysis and planning for future demand of water in urban area (high-density usage of water) 
  • Waterless urinals technology (to save water, reduce investment and environment-friendly) 
  • Higher pay for higher usage or Higher limits for using per capita resources in urban area (for water, electricity and even environmental impact –per capita CO2 emission)  
  • Institutionalize service delivery mechanism with effective use of technology and expertise beyond existing system  
  • Hundred percent wastewater treatment in all tier –I and tier –II cities  
  • Capacity building of municipalities with use of technology, and ensuring availability of professionals  
  • Repair of existing roads especially in peri-urban and rural area
  • Reducing Travel time by better connecting roads  
  • Planning cites as per population growth (including parking, Construction of border roads) 
  • Affordable housing in urban and peri-urban areas 
  • Implementing the ‘Housing for All’ scheme that covers 185 towns of the state 
  • Encourage establishment of industries in less developed area to promote growth, development, and infrastructure  
  • Skill mapping for demand awareness and supply of labor in intended factories and accordingly RutSETI (or other skill development program) to provide training  
  • Provision of spatial planning for development and infrastructure planning in growth clusters (tire-III cities and highly growing rural towns) 
  • City planning to be holistic and master plan to be strictly followed 
  • Planning for cities for future population growth and demand of infrastructure 
  • Community involvement in decision making for city planning (least interfere with political people)
  • Community monitoring of schemes/ program 
  • Gender-responsive budgeting in urban planning 
  • Mechanism for social audit or alternate process in urban governance space  
  • Inculcating behavioral change in education system at early stage in school 
  • Child labor in handicraft and manufacturing industry 
  • Child worker mining industry (cobalt formation from sandstone) at Makrana/Kharoli
  • Child labor free certification system for micro and small enterprises
  • Interstate policy/initiative- strengthening to stop the re-interring of child labor again after rescue  
  • Waste management – waste segregation, management of waste at household level and ensuring 100% collection of e-waste  
  • Approving the draft Urban Development Policy
  • By making optimum use of the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) under which 30 cities from Rajasthan are eligible 
  • Implementation of Heritage City Development &Augmentation Yojana scheme
  • By enabling self-employment under National Urban Livelihood Mission (NLUM)

Transport 

  • Investment in Public transport including bus, last mile connectivity and campaign for behavior change 
  • Gender-responsive public transport system  
  • Reducing occupational health issue for truck driver 
  • Modernize facilities for bus passengers 
  • Ensure availability of buses at various bus terminals 
  • Build East-West Mega Highway (similar to North-South Mega Highway) 
  • Widening, strengthening and renovation of all highways and district roads 
  • Construct 0.5 to 2 Km cement concrete road including drains for uplifting economic and social level in rural areas
  • Extension of road facilities to the places of religious and tourist importance
  • Develop all inter-state connectivity with neighboring State 
  • Construction of fly-over, road over-bridges, and underpasses on BOT basis on the railway crossings on all NH, SH and district roads
  • Computerization of the Transport Department
  • Construction of about 2500 Km rural roads through strengthening of existing MNREGA roads to provide all-weather road connectivity to 1056 villages having population 250 to 499
  • Implement the Safe Corridor Demonstration Program through identification of safety hazard areas (Institutional Research and Academic Planning (IRAP) surveys on high density traffic corridors and carrying out road safety interventions)
  • Strengthening and widening works of State Highways (SHWs) and Major District Roads (MDRs)  
  • Construction work for transportation through Metro Train on the route from Chandpole to Badichopar

List of Participants

  • Tushita Mukherjee, Project Coordinator, PRAYAS Center for Health Equity 
  • Nishant Maloo, Project Officer, Tata Trust 
  • Anil Sharma, Consultant BOCW Board, Department of Labor welfare, Govt of Rajasthan
  • Dr. Amit Kumar, Project Director, Kumarappa Institute of Gram Swaraj
  • Rajaram Gurgar, Project Officer, Shiv Shiksha Samiti
  • Bhanwari Lal, Chief Executive Officer, Lok Kalyan Sasthan
  • Ashish Gupta, Area Manager, Tata Trust 
  • Vikas Singh, Program Manager, Grameen Evam Samajik Vikas Sansthan
  • Shrawan Nayak, program Coordinator, Urmul Sansthan 
  • Pradeep Pundhir, Director, Spectra Org.
  • Varun Kappal, State Implementation Lead, Tata Trust  
  • Sumer Das, Trotche 
  • Jeetalo Agrawal, Project Officer, CUTS International 
  • Dinesh Kumar, Consultant health 
  • Anil Krjai, Aravali
  • Affaque Haider, State Program Manager, Letzy Dream Foundation 
  • Varun Sharma, Program Coordinator, ARAVALI, Jaipur