Advisor to the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, with the status of a Cabinet Minister; CEO and Honorary Director of the Australia India Institute at Delhi; and Professor of International Relations at the University of Melbourne. He is also a Professor of Disarmament Studies in Jawaharlal Nehru University. He has been a member of the National Security Advisory Board and a member of the National Knowledge Commission to the Prime Minister of India. Professor Amitabh Mattoo was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Jammu from 2002-2008. Recognizing his contribution to education and public life, the President of India honoured Professor Mattoo with the Padma Shri, one of India's highest civilian awards.