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Infrastructure

Access to basic infrastructure services – roads, ports, electricity, water and sanitation – still remains a key challenge in the fight against poverty and the search for sustainable growth in many regions.

Summaries and download links to all our research papers on Infrastructure below.

Publications

Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Early Warning System, Golub

The current study looks into the cost of strengthening village implementation of the states’ EWS by building awareness among communities to act upon the warnings to mitigate the losses. This study has focused on "preventable damage" which is limited by prevention of loss of human lives, injuries, loss of livestock and mitigation of property loss. Further it is assumed that there is 12 hours lead time for the warning.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Public Transport, ILFS

This study is an attempt to test alternative options to examine development of comprehensive green urban mass transport network to reduce emphasis on low-capacity private modes, such as cars and motorcycles, and significantly bring down their share in passenger traffic to 20 percent by 2052. The two interventions analysed are Metro with Feeder Network and Dedicated Bus corridor with Electric Public Transport.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Urban Infrastructure, ILFS

The aim of this study is to evaluate urban infrastructure investments towards meeting the challenge of improving water and sanitation services. The 3 interventions analysed are 24x7 piped water supply to 100 percent population in Vijayawada, Provision for sewerage for all households in Vijayawada with 100 percent collection and treatment of wastewater and third, 100 percent door-to door collection, processing and treatment of solid waste.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Health Systems, IIHMR

Indian healthcare sector has evolved both in terms of quality and quantity overtime. This sector has a vital role in both the wellbeing of the community and the development of the nation. Overall performance of the healthcare sector in India is considerably below international benchmarks.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Skills, Sunay Policy Advisory

In Andhra Pradesh between 2017-2022 about 21 lakh individuals are expected to join the state’s workforce, with more than 97 percent of them being either totally or partially unskilled (National Skills Development Corporation). The demand of individuals on the other hand would increase in a way where Andhra Pradesh would need to skill about 50 percent of its workforce entering the labour market by 2022.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Social Housing, Kundu

This study tries to bring in empirical evidence in the context of alternative perspectives, based on an evaluation of three centrally sponsored verticals viz. Beneficiary-led Construction or enhancement (BLC) (individual led), Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP) (private developers led) and In-situ Slum Redevelopment (ISSR) (public private partnership and community engagement) launched under Housing for All by 2022 - Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY U). The idea is also to propose the re-allocation of funds available under PMAY U across verticals so as to maximize the impact on social welfare.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Ease of Doing Business, Pahle India Foundation

The interventions proposed to improve the land records management system in Andhra Pradesh in this study are (a) completion of survey/resurvey activities, and (b) digitisation of cadastral maps.

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Andhra Pradesh Priorities: Water & Sanitation, Larsen

Diarrheal disease caused nearly 1.7 million deaths globally in 2016. Nearly 0.8 million of these deaths occurred in India of which 90% were due to unsafe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene according to estimates by the Global Burden of Disease 2016 (GBD 2016).

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Rajasthan Priorities: Energy Last Mile, ILFS

The vast majority of the population without access to electricity in India resides in rural areas. The electrification rate in urban areas is 97%, while rural electrification rate was 74% as of 2016 (IEA, 2017). Several dedicated programmes funded by the Government of India have been initiated in the past to address the challenge of rural electrification.

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Rajasthan Priorities: Urban Infrastructure, ILFS

This paper conducts a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of three urban interventions aimed at providing: 24x7 piped water supply, 100 percent coverage for sewage and wastewater treatment, and 100 percent management of solid waste (collection, transportation and treatment).

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Rajasthan Priorities: Health Systems, IIHMR

This study analyses three interventions namely Strengthening Basic and Surgical Capacities to reduce Maternal and Neonatal deaths, improving emergency referral management using 108 ambulance services and family planning.

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Rajasthan Priorities: Skills, Sunay Policy Advisory

India presently has only 2.3 percent of its workforce with some kind of formal skills training. According to Government's Skill Gap Analysis Report, approximately 119 million skilled workers will be needed in the 24 key sectors of the economy by 2022. For the next two decades, over 12 million youth are expected to enter India's labor force.

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Rajasthan Priorities: Social Housing, Kundu

Providing ownership housing to all houseless households and those living in unacceptable dwelling units on account of the temporary or obsolete structure, congestion, privacy factors, slum and squatter settlements, etc. has been in the policy domain for past few decades.

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Rajasthan Priorities: Ease of Doing Business, Pahle India Foundation

The unemployment rate of 14.3 percent as in March 2018 is the highest ever that Rajasthan has witnessed over the last two years and thus, emphasizes the need to boost private sector investment in the state. Businesses in Rajasthan continue to witness various administrative and regulatory issues on a regular basis.

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Rajasthan Priorities: Water & Sanitation, Larsen

Diarrheal disease caused nearly 1.7 million deaths globally in 2016. Nearly 0.8 million of these deaths occurred in India of which 90% were due to unsafe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene according to estimates by the Global Burden of Disease 2016 (GBD 2016). In Rajasthan over 47 thousand deaths were caused by diarrheal disease and intestinal infections (mainly typhoid and paratyphoid) in 2016, constituting 8.7% of all deaths in the state according to GBD 2016, thus remaining a major cause of concern in relation to drinking water and sanitation.

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Haïti Priorise: Infrastructure portuaire, Guerrier

Le problème Haïti a un énorme potentiel maritime avec plus de 1 500 kilomètres de littoral, mais figure parmi les pays des Caraïbes qui exploitent le moins leurs ressources marines. Au port de Cap-...

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Haïti Priorise: Port Infrastructure, Guerrier

The Problem Haiti has enormous maritime potential with more than 1,500 kilometers of coastline, but is among the Caribbean countries that exploit their marine resources the least. At the Cap-Haïtien...

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Haïti Priorise: Les routes, Sauveur

Description du problème Les problèmes de transport affectent tous les aspects de la vie en Haïti. Les Haïtiens connaissent bien ces problèmes. Les routes se dégradent plus vite qu'elles ne sont...

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Haïti Priorise: Roads, Sauveur

Description of the Problem Transport problems affect every aspect of life in Haiti. The problems are familiar to Haitians. Roads degrade faster than they are rehabilitated or built. The inadequacy of...

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Haïti Priorise: Aide juridique, Verne

Description du problème L’accès aux droits juridiques diffère selon la classe sociale. La justice peut avancer plus rapidement pour certains que pour d’autres. Une des raisons de cela est le manque...

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Haïti Priorise: Legal Aid, Verne

Description of the Problem Access to legal rights differs depending on social class. Justice can move more swiftly for some people than others. One reason for this is the lack of sitting judges and...

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Haïti Priorise: Connexion à haut débit, Koutroumpis

Présentation du problème La couverture Internet en Haïti reste chère et limitée. Seulement 4% des foyers y ont accès et moins d’1% des Haïtiens possèdent l’Internet mobile. Certaines procédures de l’...

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Haïti Priorise: Broadband, Koutroumpis

Description of Problem Internet coverage in Haiti remains limited and expensive. Just four percent of households have access, and fewer than 1% of Haitians have mobile Internet. Some government...

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Haïti Priorise: Réseau ambulancier, Daurisca

Description des problèmes Les réponses aux situations d’urgence représentent un véritable défi pour les systèmes de santé, et particulièrement pour ceux des pays en voie de développement tels que...

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Haïti Priorise: Ambulance Network, Daurisca

Description of Problem Emergency response is a real challenge for health systems, especially those in developing countries such as Haiti. Trauma accounts for 16% of the overall burden of disease and...

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Haïti Priorise: Le vote électronique, Chéry

Description du problème Haïti se démène depuis 1986 pour instaurer une démocratie. Le pays doit faire face à des obstacles de plus en plus importants pour pouvoir organiser des élections fiables. Il...

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Haïti Priorise: Electronic Voting, Chéry

Description of Problem Haiti has been struggling since 1986 to establish a democracy. It faces increasingly major obstacles to be able to organize reliable elections. The result has been political,...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Union Digital Services, Bakshi and Rahman

The research paper by Rejaul Karim Bakshi, associate economics professor at Rajshahi University, and Tariqur Rahman, a research consultant, examines offering more services at Union Digital Centers. ...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Livability, Alam

Research by Khorshed Alam, an associate professor of economics at the University of Southern Queensland, explores the smartest ways to deal with three growth-related issues in the capital: solid...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Land Digitization, Rahman and Talukder

New research by Sultan Hafeez Rahman, executive director of the BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), and research assistant Sumaiya Kabir Talukder finds that digitizing the land...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Padma Bridge Project, Rahman and Khondker

Research by Ashikur Rahman, senior economist at the Policy Research Institute of Bangladesh, and Bazlul Khondker, economics professor at the University of Dhaka, shows that even though the...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Urban Transport, Gallagher

Research by Robert Gallagher, a transport planner and South Asia specialist, explores alternative options for Dhaka’s future urban transport. .tg {border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Motor Vehicle Agreement, Rahman and Rahman

Research by Kazi Mahmudur Rahman, assistant professor of development studies at the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh, and Md. Tariqur Rahman, an economic consultant, examined potential benefits...

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Assessment Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Infrastructure Assessment, Auriol Fanfalone

Expanding affordable access to ICT infrastructure has become a priority for policy makers, both in developing and developed countries, as ICTs are important enablers for social inclusion and economic development. They also have an impact on economic growth and have strategic spillover effects on other sectors by creating jobs and fostering innovation.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Infrastructure Perspective, Koutroumpis

Studies have shown that adoption of broadband is associated with faster economic growth via three broad categories of impact: ‘direct’ effects on employment and GDP during investment, ‘indirect’ effects associated with the telecom sector supply chain and ‘induced’ effects in the wider economy. But, in fact, there are a number of factors specific to each economy which, determine overall impact, with institutions and regulations in particular being key enablers to unlock the economic benefits.

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment of Final OWG Targets

This report assesses the targets in the OWG’s Final Outcome Document from 19 July 2014. This builds upon the information presented in similar documents which the Copenhagen Consensus Center released...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 12th Session OWG Goals

The Copenhagen Consensus has updated our benefit-cost assessment of UN Post-2015 Millennium Development Goals for the 12th session of the Open Working Group. The Copenhagen Consensus will present...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 11th Session OWG Goals

Some of the world’s top economists have assessed the targets from the 11th session Open Working Group document into one of five categories, based on economic evidence: Phenomenal, Good, Fair, Poor and Uncertain.

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Assessment Paper

Denmark Consensus: Infrastructure and Public Transport

By Niels Buus Kristensen et al. In Denmark transportation is a very integrated part of peoples daily lives. This paper outlines the biggest challenges of the transport sector in Denmark.

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Assessment Paper

Copenhagen Consensus Latin America: Infrastructure

By Julio A. Gonzalez, José Luis Guasch, and Tomas Serebrisky. Access to basic infrastructure services – roads, electricity, water, sanitation - still remains as a key challenge in the fight against poverty in Latin America and in the elusive search for sustainable growth. These services provide not only direct and fundamental benefits but also have important indirect effects on the living conditions of the population and are key ingredients for productive development and to enhance competitiveness.

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