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Inequality

Over the past three decades gender issues have increasingly gained prominence on the development agenda. More attention is being given to the plight of poor and disadvantaged women in developing countries, and to the unfinished gender agenda in more developed countries. 

Summaries and download links to all our research papers on Inequality below.

Publications

Bangladesh Priorities: Girls Education, Zaman

Early marriage is far from the only challenge Bangladeshi girls and women face. New research by Ahsan Zaman, an assistant economics professor at North South University, examines two other pressing...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Child Marriage, Field et al.

Research by economists from Duke University and MIT’s Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab examines various strategies to prevent child marriages. It finds that providing financial incentives...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Seasonal Migration, Mobarak and Akram

Research by Mushfiq Mobarak, a Yale University economist, and Agha Ali Akram, a postdoctoral fellow with Evidence Action, suggests that helping people from rural areas migrate to work seasonally in...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Poverty, Sulaiman and Misha

Despite cutting the rate of extreme poverty from 34 percent in 2000 to just 13 percent today, 20 million Bangladeshis still live in conditions considered to be ultra poor.

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Bangladesh Priorities: Sexual and Reproductive Health, Zaman

Early marriage is far from the only challenge Bangladeshi girls and women face. New research by Ahsan Zaman, an assistant economics professor at North South University, examines two other pressing...

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Assessment Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Poverty Assessment, Gibson

How much does poverty cost? It is an easy question to ask but a surprisingly hard one to answer. Of the typical ways to measure poverty, only the poverty gap statistic – the average proportionate shortfall from the poverty line – can be interpreted in monetary terms. Assuming an all-knowing government making cost-free, perfectly targeted transfers to close poverty gaps, other researchers have calculated a global poverty gap of $82 billion at a $1.25 a day level of living. But this measure of the total cost of poverty ignores broader impacts on education, life expectancy etc.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Poverty Perspective, Kozel

The Copenhagen Consensus Center’s initiative to sponsor “hard-nosed” assessments of the economic costs and benefits of proposed goals and targets, along with the strengths and weaknesses of data and methodologies to monitor progress, is providing welcome contributions to ongoing discussions.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Poverty Perspective, Datt

This paper offers some reflections on the components of SDG1, dealing with poverty, noting first its huge scope. Ending poverty can justifiably be seen as an overarching aim of all development efforts, and hence one can hardly object to SDG1 as an aspirational goal for “the future we want”.

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Assessment Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Gender Equality Assessment, Clots-Figueras

Women in the developing world have the highest incidence of poverty, poor health, lack of education, unequal rights and violence. Some of the Millennium Development Goals were either directly targeted at women, or were targeted at reducing gender differences. However, although remarkable progress has been made, there is still a long way to go.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Gender Equality Perspective, Braunstein

In this paper I identify and discuss the assessment paper’s methodological problems and evidentiary gaps with the intent of improving its evaluative power. Methodologically, I use a gender-aware analysis to identify the challenges of conducting benefit cost analysis based on micro experimental evidence. I then argue the case for including macroeconomic perspetives and evidence, drawing from the research on gender equality and growth.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Gender Equality Perspective, Jacobsen

Clots-Figueras addresses all of the relevant Post-2015 goals and reports on the most recent relevant experimental results having to do with explicit benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) for this gender-related research. However, the evidence base is restricted to experimental papers. This perspective paper suggests different views regarding how to measure and assess evidence regarding BCRs. This includes addressing the question of what elements are preconditions and what events are actually more likely to occur if economic situations for women are improved.

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment of Final OWG Targets

This report assesses the targets in the OWG’s Final Outcome Document from 19 July 2014. This builds upon the information presented in similar documents which the Copenhagen Consensus Center released...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 12th Session OWG Goals

The Copenhagen Consensus has updated our benefit-cost assessment of UN Post-2015 Millennium Development Goals for the 12th session of the Open Working Group. The Copenhagen Consensus will present...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 11th Session OWG Goals

Some of the world’s top economists have assessed the targets from the 11th session Open Working Group document into one of five categories, based on economic evidence: Phenomenal, Good, Fair, Poor and Uncertain.

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Assessment Paper

A Scorecard for Humanity: Gender Inequality, Jacobsen

In 2012, women's lower salaries and exclusion from work cost the global economy a staggering 15.5% of GDP -- the difference between boom and bust. But how did we get that figure?

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Assessment Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Women and Development Assessment, King

An Assessment Paper on Women and Development was prepared for the second Copenhagen Consensus by Elizabeth M. King. The working paper used by the Expert Panel is available for download here, the...

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Perspective Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Women and Development Perspective, Haddad

An Assessment Paper on Women and Development was prepared for the second Copenhagen Consensus by Elizabeth M. King. Lawrence Haddad and Aysit Tansel wrote Perspective Papers in response.

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Perspective Paper

Second Copenhagen Consenus: Women and Development Perspective, Tansel

An Assessment Paper on Women and Development was prepared for the second Copenhagen Consensus by Elizabeth M. King. Lawrence Haddad and Aysit Tansel wrote Perspective Papers in response.

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Assessment Paper

Copenhagen Consensus Latin America: Poverty and Inequality

By Sebastian Galiani. With about one in five people in Latin America and the Caribbean classified as poor by international definitions, poverty remains at the top of the regional policy agenda. Economic growth is one way to reduce absolute poverty, and indeed seems a prerequisite for any significant improvement.

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Assessment Paper

Bill Gates for a Day: Living Conditions of Women

Women when compared to men have benefited less during the course of economic development resulting in a lowered status of well-being for women within the house, in the workplace and the community. It is well established by now that the unequal status between men and women is not due to their biological or physiological differences but a social one connoted as gender inequality.

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Presentation

Bill Gates for a Day: Living Conditions of Women presentation

Brinda Viswanathan presented her finding on the topic of living conditions of women at the Bill Gates for a Day conference in March 2007.

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Projects

A Scorecard for Humanity

A Scorecard for Humanity fits into the ongoing conversation between optimists and pessimists for the last half century. The central question has been: what is the state of the world? The results of our study have been published by Cambridge University Press under the book title How Much Have Global Problems Cost the World? A Scorecard from 1900 to 2050

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Guide to Giving

Even the wealthiest government, business, or individual has limited resources. A dollar spent in one place cannot be spent elsewhere. We are often asked by individuals: how can I make personal donations in line with Copenhagen Consensus findings? This Guide provides an answer.

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Post-2015 Consensus

In 2015, the UN's Millennium Development Goals are expiring and the international community will set new goals. The Post-2015 Consensus brings together the world’s top economists, NGOs, international agencies and businesses to identify the goals with the greatest benefit-to-cost ratio for the next development agenda.

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Copenhagen Consensus II

The second Copenhagen Consensus took place 25-30 May in Copenhagen. Once again, our Expert Panel tackled the question, Imagine you had $75 billion to donate to worthwhile causes. What would you do, and where should we start? The Panel released a prioritized list recommending how best to tackle ten of the world's most pressing issues.

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Copenhagen Consensus for Latin America

Copenhagen Consensus for Latin America and the Carribean took place in San José, Costa Rica, 22-25 October 2007 at the INCAE Business School, Alajuela, in cooperation with the Inter-American Development Bank

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